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答疑精选:关于英语的时态问题的解答

日期:2014-01-12 20:23:55  

  老师;请问英语的时态是不是都会涉及英语句子的三个结构?我对时态这些不太懂,麻烦老师帮忙讲解一下,谢谢!

  您好:以下是基本语法,作为参考。 学习愉快!

  时态 - 一、 一般现在时

  1.概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。

  2.时间状语: always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays,

  3.基本结构:动词 原形 (如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式)

  4.否定形式:am/is/are+not;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

  5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首;用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。

  6.例句:. It seldom snows here.

  He is always ready to help others.

  Action speaks louder than words..

  时态 - 二、 一般过去时

  1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

  2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week,last(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.

  3.基本结构:be动词;行为动词 的过去式

  4.否定形式:was/were+not;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

  5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

  6.例句:She often came to help us in those days.

  I didn't know you were so busy.

  时态 - 三、 现在进行时

  1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

  2.时间状语:now, at this time, days, etc. look . listen

  3.基本结构:be+doing

  4.否定形式:be+not+doing.

  5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

  6.例句: How are you feeling today?

  He is doing well in his lessons.

  时态 - 四、 过去进行时

  1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

  2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

  3.基本结构 s+was/were+doing

  4.否定形式:s+was/were + not + doing.

  5.一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。(第一个字母大写)

  6.例句:At that time she was working in a PLA unit.

  When he came in, I was reading a newspaper.

  时态 - 五、 现在完成时

  1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

  2.时间状语:yet,already,just,never,ever,so far,by now,since+时间点,for+时间段,recently, lately, in the past few years, etc.

  3.基本结构:have/has + done

  4.否定形式:have/has + not +done.

  5.一般疑问句:have或has。

  6.例句:I've written an article.

  The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years.

  时态 - 六、 过去完成时

  1.概念:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”。

  2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.

  3.基本结构:had + done.

  4.否定形式:had + not + done.

  5.一般疑问句:had放于句首。

  6.例句:As soon as we got to the station, the train had left.

  By the end of last month. We had reviewed four books

  基本结构:主语+had+过去分词(done)

  ①肯定句:主语+had+过去分词+其他

  ②否定句:主语+had+not+过去分词+其他

  ③一般疑问句:Had+主语+过去分词+其他

  ④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

  时态 - 七、 一般将来时

  1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

  2.时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

  3.基本结构:主语+am/is/are+going to + do;will/shall + do.

  4.否定形式:am/is/are not going to do ;will/shall not do。

  5.一般疑问句:be放于句首;will/shall提到句首。

  6.例句:They are going to have a competition with us in studies.

  It is going to rain.

  时态 - 八、 过去将来时

  1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

  2.时间状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

  3.基本结构:was/were+going to + do;would/should + do.

  4.否定形式:was/were/not + going to + do;would/should + not + do.

  5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;would/should 提到句首。

  6.例句:He said he would go to Beijing the next day.

  I asked who was going there .

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