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2015年职称英语考试知识解析:动词时态(5)

日期:2014-12-30 13:56:42  

      2015年职称英语考试知识解析:动词时态(5)

  The Olympic Games(奥林匹亚运动会) are the greatest festival (节日)of sport in the world. Every four years, a hundred or more countries send their best sportsmen to compete for the highest honors in sport. As many as 6,000 people take part in (参加)over 20 sports. For the winners, there are gold medals and glory. But there is honor, too, for all who compete, win or lose. That is in spirit of the Olympics---to take part is what matters.

  The Olympic Games always start in a bright color and action. The teams of all the nations parade (列队行进)in the opening ceremony and march round the track. The custom is for the Greek team to march in first. For it was in Greece that the Olympics began. The team of the country where the Games are being hold(定语从句)---the host country (主办国)--- marches in last.

  The runner with the Olympic torch (火炬)then enters the stadium(体育场) and lights the flame(火焰). A sportsman from the host country takes the Olympic oath(誓言) on behalf of (代表)all the competitors. The judges and officials also take an oath(宣誓). After the sportsmen march out of the stadium, the host country puts on (演出)a wonderful display.

  The competitions begin the next day. There are usually more than twenty sports in the Games. The rule is that there must be at least fifteen(表语从句). The main events are in track and field, but it is a few days before these sports start(时间状语从句). Each day the competitors take part in a different sport-riding, shooting, swimming, and cross-country running. Points are gained for each event. Medals are awarded for the individual winners and for national teams.

  More and more women are taking part in the games. They first competed in 1900, in tennis and golf, which are no longer held in the Olympics(定语从句,no longer:不再 ). Women’s swimming events were introduced in 1912. But it was not until 1928 that there were any track and field events for women(强调句型: it + is/was + 被强调的某个语法结构 + that引出句子的其他部分). Now, they compete in all but (除了)half a dozen of (12个)the sports. In horse riding, shooting, shooting, and boat racing, they may compete in the same events as the men.

  1. Why is there honor for the losers as well as for the winners?

  A) Because failure is the mother of success.

  B) Because losers need encouragement, too.

  C) Because losers and winners should be equally treated.

  D) Because what really matters is to take part in the Olympic Games.

  2.Which of the following is a long – established practice the opening ceremony?

  A) Runners enter the stadium with torches.

  B) Each team has to put on a wonderful display.

  C) The Greek team marches in first.

  D) Men and women wear magnificent clothes.

  3.Who takes the Olympic oath?

  A) A judge from the host country.

  B) An official from the host country.

  C) A Greek sportsman.

  D)A sportsman from the host country.

  4.What are the most important events in the Olympic Games?

  A) The track and field events.

  B) The horse- riding events.

  C) The swimming events.

  D) The boat-racing events.

  sport- riding, shooting, swimming, and cross-country running

  5.When did women start taking part in the Olympic Games?

  A) In 1912.

  B) In 1900.

  C) In 1928.

  D) In 1924.

  3. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese and pay attention to the verbs used in the paragraph:

  Radio and Television (C级)

  1 There are few homes in Britain today that do not have either a radio or television set(定语从句, that指代前面的homes). Both of them have become an essential part of our life, keeping us informed of the news of the day, instructing us in many fields of interest, and entertaining us with singing, dancing and acting(划线结构是现在分词结构,与句子的谓语部分并列).

  2 Television is another major instrument of communication, permitting us to see as well as to hear the performer(划线结构是现在分词结构,与句子的谓语部分并列). Since its appearance, TV has had a tremendous effect on the daily life of people everywhere.

  3 Improvements of all kind are constantly being made in television so that reception will be as close to perfect as possible(结果状语从句, so that/以至于). Perhaps the most recent advancement of significance has been “Telstar.” The specially equipped space capsule(太空飞船), orbiting the globe(分词结构, 作定语修饰前面的space capsule), makes it(形式宾语) possible for the entire world to be closer than ever before(真正的宾语). Now a family in Manchester can watch on TV a football match in France, a ski tournament(锦标赛) in Norway, or a parade in Japan as these events are actually happening(时间状语从句, as“当”).

  参考答案:

  Put the verbs in brackets into correct tenses./在括号里填上动词合适的时态。

  1. is; 2. will be; 3. rains; 4. is raining; 5. will wake, will not get; 6. studies; 7. will not know; 8. gets; 9. will leave; 10. will take; 11. would have learned; 12. mad; 13. would meet; 14. had taken; 15. had lived; 16. would wait; 17. would be; 18. will finish; 19. had forgotten; 20. will have repaired;

  2. Choose the best answers

  1. D。该题问“为什么赢家和输家都会获得尊敬?”。在第1段的最后一句找到答案。

  2.C.该题问“什么是奥运会开幕式上的惯例?”在第2段的第3句找到答案相关句the custom is for the Greek to march in first(希腊队先入场是惯例)。

  3.D.该题问“谁做奥运宣誓?”。在第三段的第2句找到答案相关句,是“来自东道国的运动员”。

  4.A.该题问“奥运会上最重要的赛事是什么?”。在第四段的第4句找到相关句,是“田径赛”。

  5.B.该题问“妇女什么时候开始参加奥运会的?”。备选答案都是时间,因此可在原文中查找以阿拉伯数字出现的年代。在最后一段的第2句找到答案。

  3. Translate the following passage into Chinese and pay attention to the verbs used in the passage:

  今日英国,收音机和电视几乎已经深入每个家庭,它们已经成为了我们生活中不可缺少的一部分。它们能使我们了解到每天的新闻,帮助我们提高对许多领域的兴趣,让我们得到音乐,舞蹈和表演的消遣。

  电视机是另一种主要的通讯工具。它能让我们在听到声音的同时也看到了表演者的表演。自从电视问世以来,它已经对我们的日常生活产生了巨大的影响。

  人们一直在给电视做各种改进,以使信号的接受尽可能趋于完美。“电视卫星”也许是近来最重大的进步。这个特殊装置的太空舱绕地球轨道运行着,是世界变得越来越小。如今,在曼彻斯特(英国英格兰西北部港市)的家中通过电视就可以看到正在法兰西进行的足球比赛,在挪威进行的滑雪锦标赛或在日本举行的游行。

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