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2015年职称英语理工类概括大意加强练习(3)

日期:2015-02-23 13:50:00  

  Nice Name But She's So Deadly

  1 More than a million people in the United States were told to leave their homes over the weekend as Hurricane (飓风) Dennis headed to the Gulf coast, after killing at least 15 people in the Caribbean Sea.

  2 If you read the news often enough=, you may notice that all hurricanes are given names. Why is that? Remember, there can be more than one hurricane operating at one time. Without naming them, we could get confused about which storm we're talking about.

  3 For hundreds of years, hurricanes in the Caribbean were named after the particular religious day on which they occurred. One Australian meteorologist (气象学家) began giving women's names to tropical storms at the end of the 19th century. In 1953, the US National Weather Service, which is responsible for tracking hurricanes and issuing warnings, began using female names for storms. By i979, both women and men's names were being used. One name for each letter of the alphabet (字母表) is selected, except for Q, U and Z.

  4 So who decides which names are used' each year? The World Meteorological Organization uses six lists in rotation, so each list is reused every six years.

  5 Here's a list of the 2005 Atlantic hurricanes, according to the US National Hurricane Centre: Arlene, Bret, Cindy, Dennis, Emily, Franklin, Gert, Harvey, Irene, Jose, Katrina, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, Stan, Tammy, Vince, Wilma.

  23 Paragraph 1

  24 Paragraph 2

  25 Paragraph 3

  26 Paragraph 4

  A Reason for naming hurricanes

  B Warning of an approaching hurricane

  C Deadly women

  D History of naming hurricanes

  E Organization responsible for naming hurricanes

  F Ways to track hurricanes

  27 Over a million people were warned not      .

  28 The responsibility of the US National Weather Service is      .

  29 Hurricanes are given names      .

  30 At the end o[ the 19th century, women's names started      .

  A to track hurricanes and issue warnings

  B to avoid confusion

  C to stay at home

  D to be given to tropical storms

  E to make predictions

  F to kill at least 15 people

  答案及解析

  1. 分析文章标题:Nice Name But She's So Deadly

  1 More than a million people in the United States were told to leave their homes over the weekend as Hurricane (飓风) Dennis headed to the Gulf coast, after killing at least 15 people in the Caribbean Sea.

  2 If you read the news often enough, you may notice that all hurricanes are given names. Why is that? Remember, there can be more than one hurricane operating at one time. Without naming them, we could get confused about which storm we're talking about.

  3 For hundreds of years, hurricanes in the Caribbean were named after the particular religious day on which they occurred. One Australian meteorologist (气象学家) began giving women's names to tropical storms at the end of the 19th century. In 1953, the US National Weather Service, which is responsible for tracking hurricanes and issuing warnings, began using female names for storms. By i979, both women and men's names were being used. One name for each letter of the alphabet (字母表) is selected, except for Q, U and Z.

  4 So who decides which names are used' each year? The World Meteorological Organization uses six lists in rotation, so each list is reused every six years.

  5 Here's a list of the 2005 Atlantic hurricanes, according to the US National Hurricane Centre: Arlene, Bret, Cindy, Dennis, Emily, Franklin, Gert, Harvey, Irene, Jose, Katrina, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, Stan, Tammy, Vince, Wilma.

  2. 分析小标题被选项:

  A Reason for naming hurricanes

  B Warning of an approaching hurricane

  C Deadly women (*)

  D History of naming hurricanes

  E Organization responsible for naming hurricanes

  F Ways to track hurricanes

  3. 直接解题:

  23 Paragraph 1

  答案: B。

  1 More than a million people in the United States were told to leave their homes over the weekend as Hurricane (飓风) Dennis headed to the Gulf coast, after killing at least 15 people in the Caribbean Sea.

  A Reason for naming hurricanes

  C Deadly women (*)

  D History of naming hurricanes

  E Organization responsible for naming hurricanes

  F Ways to track hurricanes

  24 Paragraph 2

  答案: A: (段落主题词: name。 History, organization在段落中没有分别对应的细节信息)

  2 If you read the news often enough, you may notice that all hurricanes are given names. Why is that? Remember, there can be more than one hurricane operating at one time. Without naming them, we could get confused about which storm we're talking about.

  C Deadly women (*)

  D History of naming hurricanes

  E Organization responsible for naming hurricanes

  F Ways to track hurricanes

  25 Paragraph 3

  答案: D(name是段落主题词,段落中出现了与“历史“ 呼应的细节信息)

  3 For hundreds of years, hurricanes in the Caribbean were named after the particular religious day on which they occurred. One Australian meteorologist (气象学家) began giving women's names to tropical storms at the end of the 19th century. In 1953, the US National Weather Service, which is responsible for tracking hurricanes and issuing warnings, began using female names for storms. By i979, both women and men's names were being used. One name for each letter of the alphabet (字母表) is selected, except for Q, U and Z.

  C Deadly women (*)

  E Organization responsible for naming hurrica

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