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2015年职称英语卫生类A级阅读判断模拟题(4)

日期:2015-01-26 20:50:01  

  2015年职称英语卫生类A级阅读判断模拟题(4)

  Yeast Infection(酵母菌感染)

  Most of us suffer from fungal infections at some time or another during our life.Many of these infections occur in the superficial part of our body or in the skin.Fungal infections are transferable and some can be very dangerous and in extreme cases can even lead to death.Sometimes,you may be infected with a fungal infection and not even realize it.

  One of the more common fungal infections is the yeast infection or in medical terms,candidiasis.Yeast infection is the infection of the mucous membranes caused by the fungus Candida,specifically Candida albicans.

  Yeast infection also has another name,known as moniliaris,derived from the name form of a fungal genius,and thrush,a term usually reserved for infection of the mucous membrane of the mouth.

  The fungus is a normal inhabitant of the mouth and vagina.Some certain bacteria that also inhibit the areas where the fungus is located usually follow the growth.

  The most common and popular type of candidiasis is the vaginal yeast infection an uncomfortable infection that almost two thirds of all women will experience at some time in their life.

  If you have yeast infection,daub apple cider vinegar in the areas prone to infection regularly.You can add some garlic that will help stop the itchy feeling and water to dilute the vinegar concentration.

  Curds and yogurt are foods identified to be the most effective home remedy for yeast infection.It is advisable to soak a tampon(棉球) into curds and place it in the infected areas for at least an hour.The healthy required bacteria from the curds will replace the unhealthy yeast bacteria.This could be done twice or thrice a day.

  Drinking at least two glasses of buttermilk a day is advisable whether you are infected or not.Curds should be part of the daily diet because this reduces the probability of yeast infection.

  1.Fungal infections are contagious,but they are not dangerous at all

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:B

  解析:该题说的是:真菌感染是能传染的,但是它们并不危险。第一段提到真菌感染可以传染,一些可能会很危险,严重者甚至会致人死亡。

  20.Candida albicans is the specific fungus Candida that causes the infection of the mucous membranes

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:A

  解析:该题说的是:白色念珠菌是引起粘膜感染的念珠菌。第二段提到酵母菌感染是有念珠菌引起的粘膜感染,具体说就是白色念珠菌。

  3.Normally,the fungus doesn't exist in the mouth or vagina

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:B

  解析:该题说的是:真菌通常不存在于口腔和阴道内。第四段提到真菌常住于口腔和阴道中。inhabitant意思是住民。与题干矛盾。

  4.Most women will experience the vaginal yeast infection sometime in their life

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:A

  解析:该题说的是:多数的女人在某个时期都会患阴道酵母菌感染。第五段提到三分之二的女人在生命的某个时期都会患阴道酵母菌感染。

  5.Garlic will make the apple cider vinegar therapy useless

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:B

  解析:该题说的是:大蒜会使苹果醋疗法失效。文中提到使用苹果醋的时候加入大蒜可以止痒。

  6.It is advisable to place the tampon with curds in the infected area for no more than an hour

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:B

  解析:该题说的是:建议使用沾了炼乳的棉球敷患处不超过1小时。倒数第二段提到“at least an hour”,就是至少1小时。因此题干错误。

  7.Don't drink buttermilk if you are not affected,it is bad for your health

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  正确答案:B

  解析:该题说的是:没有感染就不要喝酸奶,有害健康。最后一段建议无论是否感染,每天至少喝2杯酸奶。每天吃炼乳有助于降低感染几率。

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