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2015年职称英语概括大意综合类A级专项练习(5)

日期:2015-02-23 13:48:55  

  The Making of a Success Story

  1 IKEA is the world's largest furniture retailer, and man behind it is Ingvar Kamprad, one of the world's most successful entrepreneurs . Born in Sweden in 1926 , Kamprad was a natural businessman. As a child , he enjoyed selling things and made small profits from selling matches ,seeds ,and pencils in his community .When Kamprad was 17, his father gave him some money as a reward for his good grades .Naturally he used it to start up a business-IKEA.

  2 IKEA's name comes from Kamprad's initials (I.K.)and the place where he grew up (`E` and `A`). Today IKEA is known for its modern , minimalist furniture , but it was not a furniture company in the beginning .Rather, IKEA sold all kind of miscellaneous goods ,Kamprad's ware included anything that he could sell for profits at discounted prices ,including watches ,pens and stockings .

  3 IKEA first began to sell furniture through a mail-order catalogue in 1947. The furniture was all designed and made by manufacturers near Kamprad's home. Initial sales were very encouraging , so Kamprad expanded the product line . Furniture was such a successful aspect of the business that IKEA became solely a furniture company in 1951.

  4 In 1953 IKEA opend its first showroom in Almhult ,Sweden. IKEA is known today for its spacious stores with furniture in attractive settings ,but in the early 1950s ,people ordered from catalogues ,Thus response to the first showroom was overwhelming:people loved being able to see and try the furniture before buying it . This led to increased sales and the company continued to thrive .By 1955, IKEA was designing all its own furniture .

  5 In 1956 Kamprad saw a man disassembling a table to make it easier to transport . Kamprad was inspired .The man had given him a great idea :flat packaging . Flat packaging would mean lower shipping costs for IKEA and lower prices for customers .IKEA tried it and sales soared . The problem was that people had to assemble furniture themselves ,but over time ,evem this grew into an advantage for IKEA . Nowadays ,IKEA is often seen as having connotations of self-sufficiency .This image has done wonders for the company ,leading to better sales and continued expansion.

  6 Today there are over 200 stores in 32 countries .Amazingly ,Ingvar Kamprad has managed to keep IKEA a privately-help company .In 2004 he was named the world's richest man , He currently lives in Switzerland and is retied from the day-to-day operations of IKEA. IKEA itself , though ,just keeps on growing.

  1. Paragraph 2 ____.

  2. Paragraph 3 ____.

  3. Paragraph 4 ____.

  4. Paragraph 5 ____.

  A. Ingvar Kamprad – a born businessman

  B. Success brought by the introduction of showrooms

  C. The origin of IKEA

  D. Specialization in selling furniture

  E. Flat packaging – a feature of IKEA

  F. World-wide expansion of IKEA

  5. Even when he was only a child, ____.

  6. ____, and years later became a big company specialized in manufacturing and selling of furniture.

  7. Customers liked the idea of IKEA’s showrooms because ____.

  8. As flat packaging saves money for both IKEA and the customers, ____.

  A. IKEA began as a small store selling all kinds of cheap things.

  B. it is highly welcomed by both

  C. Ingvar Kamprad showed interest in and talent for doing business.

  D. he lives happily in retirement

  E. here they can see and try the furniture they are going to buy.

  F. Ingvar successfully manages the company all by himself

  答案与题解:

  C第二^介绍了 IKEA这个店名的来源以及它刚开始的时候是一家什么样的小杂货店。

  D第三段讲了 IKEA通过邮购方式销售自己设计、自己制造的家具,业绩喜人,从而扩大生 产线,专事家具产销。

  B 1^3年IKEA弓丨°入展示厅的做法得到很好的反响,销售大大增加。

  E Kamprad从别人拆卸家具中得到启发,于是试行销售平板包装的家具,既利己又利人,并 使独立自行成为IKEA的一个特色。

  G时间状语从句告诉我们这里要讲的是Ingvar小时候的事情,文章的第一段就说了他从小 就会做买卖。

  A这句话的后半句说IKEA几年以后才变成一家专营家具的公司,前半句很可能讲它的前 身是什么。

  E这句的主句讲了顾客们喜欢IKEA的展示厅,从句用because引导,很清楚要求给出原因。

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